The case is part of a series that was filed two years ago and the trial is set to begin on Thursday.
The lawsuit was filed by four NGOs, including Greenpeace France and Oxfam France, following an online petition that garnered 2.3 million signatures – the largest in French history, according to the organizers.
Climate activists marched in the streets near the Paris district court on Thursday morning. An image released by the NGO shows a giant banner that reads: “We are 2.3 million people.”
The signatories hope the court will “force the state to take all necessary measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions” to meet the 1.5-degree (2.7-degree Fahrenheit) target set out in the Paris Agreement.
The Paris Agreement, which came into force in 2016 by almost every country in the world, seeks to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and continue to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).
Global warming is currently 2.7 degrees Celsius (4.86 degrees Fahrenheit) at the end of this century, according to the Climate Monitoring Group (CAT) – a government-based profit analysis group. This will cause severe storms, heat storms, rising sea levels, and, in many parts of the world, severe droughts and heavy rains.
French propagandists also want to be aware of “the actions of the state climate, that is, to speak of non-compliance by France against its agreement.”
“The greenhouse gas emissions under the five-year term of the government have slowed down more than twice as much as expected under the law,” the NGO said in a joint statement.
In a legal note observed by the NGO and le Monde in June last year, the French Ministry of Environment denied that it had complied with its legal obligations to combat climate change and called for its eviction.
One of the arguments raised by the government is that it cannot be held solely responsible for climate change in France, according to a memorandum published by Le Monde.
“France accounts for about 1% of the world’s population and emits about 1% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions each year.”
“Most of this pollution comes from industrial and agricultural activities”, but also from “individual choices and decisions that it can not always influence,” the memorandum said.
CNN contacted the Ministry of Environment for comment.
The NGO said in a statement that a verdict in the case was expected within 15 days.
According to the Grantham Research Institute at the London School of London, the implementation of climate change laws has become a global phenomenon. Economics and Political Science.
Researchers have found that while the United States is a global leader in climate change litigation, the proportion of such cases has spread around the world.
Sandrine Amiel and Gaëlle Fournier report from Paris, France. Jack Guy writes from London.